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Engineering Disciplines Definitions
The COPNE-Profession comprises the individuals and professional organizations that are engaged in the sustainable development and protection of coastal, ocean, port, and navigation environments for the benefit of society in the United States and foreign countries. ACOPNE has in part been created to complement the Coasts, Oceans, Ports, and Rivers Institute (COPRI) and provides recognition to those individuals who have excelled in one or more of the sub-disciplines embraced by COPRI. In this regard, ACOPNE has defined the follow subspecialty fields of expertise consistent with the sub-disciplines contained in COPRI.
Coastal engineering involves the practice of civil engineering, as well as the sciences of oceanography and coastal geology concerned with the interactions between water and land, including shorelines, bays, lakes, estuaries, inlets, river mouths, and harbors, and the structures within these environments.
Ocean engineering involves the practice of civil engineering and the science of oceanography concerned with the design, analysis, operation, and planning of systems that operate in the oceanic environment.
Port Engineering involves the practice of civil, structural, mechanical and environmental engineering concerned with the planning, design, construction, maintenance, operation, environmental protection, and technical functioning of dock and shoreside facilities and systems used to handle or convey people or product.
Navigation Engineering involves the planning, design, construction and maintenance of harbors, marinas and waterways by employing works such as dredging, breakwaters, locks and dams, ice and sedimentation control contrivances, and flow training structures in an environmentally sensitive manner to facilitate the safe and efficient operation of vessels in transit or at berth, especially considering the behavior and performance of vessels subject to environmental forces, sediment related issues, traffic movement and vessel handling.